Tuesday, October 29, 2013

The mystery of the Otuhianga Rd Church in Matakohe now solved

 Many including myself have over the years been intrigued by the small delapidated church that can be seen in its rural setting, on Otuhianga Road, from State Highway 12 on the way towards Dargaville. Many have stopped by photographed the building but never have been able to answer the one question we all have had. Who built it, when, and who was its congregation?

 Seemingly it had been abandoned and forgotten. A chance encounter with a local woman named Minnie who lived close by soon started to give the answers I had been looking for. Minni told me she and others of the nearby community had been taking care of the building. She also told me its year of construction. A comment left on my farm blog, on a related post to this one yesterday has shed further light on what is a beautiful religious building built in 1889. This church is known as the Zion Church (Anglican) at Parirau. It converted to Ratana during the 1930s, and has been ever since. There's currently an effort underway for fundraising to restore the church back to its original state. The building was constructed by Matakohe by one Mr Morris for the Te Rarawa people who had originally come from Whangape near Herekino.

The following is by Christopher Thompson who left this comment on the 2008 post on my farm blog

This church...started life as a place of Anglican worship for a group of Te Rarawa, who had migrated to Parirau to find work in the nearby gumfields and forests.
Known as Zion Church, it was the second Anglican church built on this site on Otuhianga Road and its dedication in April 1889 is well documented in the Anglican Church Gazette for May 1889:
'Parirau, Kaipara. – New Maori Church. –It is several years ago that the Maories of Parirauewha, Kaipara, commenced collecting funds wherewith to build a new church, their old one having become dilapidated. They are a colony of the Rarawa tribe from Whangape, Herekino, and Ahipara, and as they had to purchase the land they occupy from the European settlers, they have had a hard struggle to acquire the means for attaining their object. By steady exertion they have succeeded, and are now in possession of a house of prayer of which no English community need be ashamed. The building will accommodate 130 worshippers, and is complete in every detail. The cost, with furniture, was £198, and on the evening of the opening day, not only were all the liabilities defrayed, but there was a small balance to credit...'
The church served the Anglican congregation at Parirau until the 1930s when it was transferred to the Ratana congregation. It is currently closed for restoration and the local restoration committee is seeking funds for this work. 
With a personal thank you to Christopher and also to Minnie, I also did a new search in Papers Past and found the report on the opening of the church.

About five miles from Matakohe there lies one of the most prettily situated native settlements to be found in the North, that known as Parirauewha. Shut in partly by hills and partly by a lofty kahikatea forest, one may pass within a half mile of it without being aware of its existence.
 The land in which it and its sister village of Te Kowhai stand, was purchased from the Government and from private owners 20 years or more ago by some hapus of the Rarawa tribe who, leaving their homes at Whangape and the Herekino, came to settle by the waters of the Kaipara, from the Wairoa arm of which these settlements are from one to two miles distant. 
Almost the first thing a Maori does in making a new settlement is to erect a church, and so by dint of much self-denial one was built years ago at Parirou. This building from age having become well-nigh useless, it was resolved some time ago to erect a new one, and a contract for this purpose was entered into in September last with Mr. Morris, builder and carpenter, Matakohe, who, I may say, has right well fulfilled his engagement.
 The new church, a shapely building, consists of nave, chancel, porch, and vestry, and is altogether a most compact little structure. All the windows, 10 in number, are of stained glass, the interior of the building is varnished throughout, and seated to accommodate 130 worshippers. A handsome stone font stands just within the western door, whilst a neat pulpit occupies the north-east corner of the nave. The sanctuary is nicely carpeted, and the holy table vested with a becoming cloth. The total cost of the building and fittings has been about £200, which, I am glad to say, was raised entirely by free-will offerings. The church was formally dedicated on Saturday, the 6th April, by the Venerable Archdeacon Clarke, B.D. The Archdeacon, accompanied by the Rev. C. A. Tobin, the clergyman of the parochial district, arrived at Parirau on the Thursday, when he was warmly welcomed bv the assembled natives, who, after the usual shawl-waving and loud cries of Haere mai haere mai! drew up in line to receive their beloved Akirikina. 
On Thursday night, the Archdeacon was the guest of Mr. E. Coates, of the Ruatuna, whence he returned to the natives on the Friday, the night of which was spent in listening and replying to speeches made in welcome of the pakeha visitors and of the Maoris, who from miles around had responded to the invitation of the Parirau natives to be present at the whakapuretanga of their church. It was not until the small hours of the night that the speechifying ceased, and the tired orators could refresh themselves with sleep. 
By dawn on Saturday all were up, and the morning service being over, and breakfast finished, after a short rest the bell at 10.15 announced that the opening ceremony was about to begin. The church was speedily, though quietly, filled. Uriohau Maoris and visitors from other tribes occupying the south side of the nave, the Rarawa and European visitors the northern side, but by far the greater number of the Rarawa had to remain outside, where seats had been erected to accommodate 100, who, the windows being open, could join in the service and hear all that was said. Inside the building, 230 persons found sitting-room. 
The clergy present at the opening service were the Venerable Archdeacon Clarke, and the Rev. C. A. Tobin, Wiki Te Paa, Matiu Kapa, and Hone Tapahia, all of whom took some part in the service, the archdeacon preaching a forcible and eloquent sermon from St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians, v., 8. The offertory taken at the opening service amounted to close on £20. A still further sum was received during the day in the alms-box at the door of the church, the amount of which I have not heard. After the service, a general invitation was given to all to come and dine, and so many visitors were present that though the long dining whare held over 80 persons, it took no fewer than four relays where all could be supplied. Altogether, over 200 Maoris were present, and in the latter part of the day at least 120 Europeans. The food provided by the Maoris, which was, of, course, free of charge and for all, was capital and abundant.
 The cooking, too, was excellent. The substantial tables almost groaned under the weight of heavy joints of beef, mutton, and pork. Kumara, cakes, and puddings were in plenty, whilst for the little ones were apples and lollies galore. Menata Karamu, and Metana Miru, the well-known chiefs of Parirau and Te Kowhai, acted as masters of the ceremonies, and right well they did their part. The behaviour of all, Maoris and Europeans, was most exemplary, and the utmost good feeling prevailed, a marked contrast to the disgraceful conduct of some Europeans at Whangarei a year or two ago, when Pehiawiri was opened, then they literally rushed the building, and behaved generally in such an outrageous manner that a native woman, who spoke English well, exclaimed in their hearing, 
The Europeans sometimes treat the Maoris as pigs when they visit them, but they, when they visit us, behave as pigs." It is to be hoped the rebuke taught a well-deserved lesson. Archdeacon Clarke spent the evening with Mr. Ovens, at Matakohe, on the Sunday, preached to the English congregations at Matakohe, Paparoa, and at Pahi, the congregations at the two former places being unusually large. At Parirau the services were conducted by the native clergy

New Zealand Herald, Volume XXVI, Issue 9336, 12 April 1889, Page 6

I had wondered if two photographs I found on display at The Kauri Museum were this church. After rechecking the images I had taken of them one was captioned "Parirau Ratana Church 1884"

Image courtesy of the Kauri Museum

However, the year is 5 years too early. It is the same building just with the wrong year on the caption. With heritage new information is constantly coming to light on many previous buildings that before had little or no information. There is also the matter of the second photo on display which states the church in the photo is at Ruawai with the caption "Ruawai Trust Church". However, I believe that it is also the Parairau Ratana Church

 If the front of the building in this image is compared to those of the images I took of the church, the similarities are too obvious too ignore. The question I have now is; was it renamed "Ruawai Trust Church"? or has there been an honest error in the identification of this particular image.

Saturday, October 26, 2013

The Waipu Settlers Monument (1914)

Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19130925-54-5

In late August of 1913, the committee overseeing the future Waipu Diamond Jubilee celebrations for the settlers and  their descendants mad the decision to commission a memorial to commemorate the landing of the original Novia Scotia settlers on September 1, 1854. The cost was to be around £200.

The arrival of one group of Scots in the 1850s is among the most dramatic of New Zealand’s immigration stories. The charismatic preacher Norman McLeod left Scotland in 1817 for Nova Scotia. In 1851 he led his people, who were facing economic hardship in Canada, first to Australia and then on to New Zealand.
In 1854 they secured land at Waipū in Northland. After 1854 more Scots came, from Nova Scotia and direct from Scotland. The total number of Waipu Scots exceeded 800. Most were Highlanders. Though now indistinguishable from other rural townships, Waipū still celebrates its Scottish origins.
John Wilson. 'Scots - 1853–1870: a surge of Scots', 
Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
 updated 13-Jul-12 
URL: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/scots/page-4

In late September of the same year, the committee had engaged the Auckland based stone masonary firm Parkinson & Company after accepting their initial design. The cost of the contract totalled £470, including the excavation for the site and provision of the sand and gravel for the foundation. Land was aquired from the Education Board, after it was decided not to erect the memorial in the corner of the school grounds. The committee had also made several alterations to the original plans submitted under the guidance of renowned engineer Hugh Munro Wilson and well known architect Hugh Cresswell Grierson (1886-1953) (later under the partnership of Grierson, Aimer & Draffin) who had been appointed as honorary architectural advisors for the project. Wilson and Grierson recommended to the committee to replace the proposed concrete steps, and lower base to a material more in keep with the quality of the stone column. The committee decided to use either Pukekararo trachyte (quarried near Waipu), Coromandel granite or Melbourne bluestone. It was also decided to move the monument location to the centre of the public road leading to the church. The Education Board had granted a strip of land, so the road could be widened. A decision was also made to set the date for the unveiling for March 21, 1914.

By early February 1914, the date for the unveiling had been changed to April 10, 1914. The contractors were to start work on the monument by March 1st. The Committee had also decided on the final inscriptions. One to be the motto of the Scottish settlers in Gaelic  and one to be in English on the fron t of the memorial;

" This monument is erected to commemorate the arrival in New Zealand of that noble band of Empire builders, who left the Highlands of Scotland about the beginning of the eighteenth century for Nova Scotia, and migrated thence during the years 1851-60; and who, by their undaunted courage and their steadfast faith in God, did so much to mould the destinies of their adopted homes. Where the path of duty was plain fear had no place; neither danger nor hardships daunted them."
"'But oh! what symbol may avail to tell The kindness, wit, and sense we loved so well. Erected by their descendants."
The remaining faces of the monument were to be inscribed with the names of the emigrant clans, and the vessels in which they arrived. The committee had also confirmed that the memorial was to be located in the centre of the public road leading up to the church.

By April 1914, however bad news had arrived that the monument was not ready for the unveiling as the New Zealand Herald (15 April,1914) reported

Owing to delay in the shipment from England of the plinth and the surmounting lion rampant of the monument to be erected to commemorate the founding of the Settlement, the date of its unveiling which was originally fixed for April 10, has been indefinitely postponed. The bases, upon which will be the  inscriptions, totalling 2800 words, arrived yesterday by the Westmonth. The other sections, will arrive at the end of the month by tho Rimutaka, and will be transhipped direct to Waipu. The contractors Messrs. Parkinson arid Co,, state that by the end of May the column will be erected, and everything in readiness for the ceremony.
 Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19150107-46-3

Finally on December 30, 1914 the settlers of Waipu celebrated the unveiling of their memorial for their Diamond Jubilee celebrations.

The Diamond Jubilee celebration of the arrival of the first vessels at Waipu bearing the Nova Scotian pioneers of 1851, and the unveiling of a memorial to the whole of the pioneers from Nova Scotia, which took place at Waipu on December 30, were truly memorable.
Almost 1000 people from all parts of the Dominion were present. The feature of the day was the unveiling of a noble plinth erected to the memory of the brave Nova Scotian pioneers, by their justly-proud descendants. 
The memorial takes the form of a stately granite column surmounted by a beautifully ornate cupola, on the top of which stands the national Scottish Lion rampant. The column is hexagonal in section and the base is composed of two wide slabs forming steps, the upper one of which bears a fine tiled pattern. About midway of the column is a circular scroll on which are carved emblems of Scotland, Canada and New Zealand. Noble in conception, chaste in decoration, and magnificently wrought from the famous Peterhead red Scotch polished granite, the monument worthily commemorate the arrival of the founders of the Nova Scotian community in New Zealand. The first vessels to arrive were the "Margaret" ,and the "Highland Lass,'-' which left Nova Scotia in October, 1851' and reached Waipu after calling at Adelaide. Four other vessels followed at intervals.
The memorial was unveiled by Mr F. Mander M.P., who spoke in suitable terms of the event commemorated. Stirring addresses were also delivered by the Rev. J. L. Pattulli, of the Kauri Presbyterian Church; by the Rev. W. McDonald of the Epsom Presbyterian Church; and by Mr Robert Thompson, of Whangarei. A solemn service was held at the foot of the monument and was conducted in Gaelic by the Rev. W. McDonald, who was assisted by the Rev. J. L. Pattullo. A special choir sang three hymns and a Psalm was sung in Gaelic. An address too, was delivered in Gaelic by the, Rev. W. McDonald. The Rev. J. L. Pattullo, also gave an address, but in English.

New Zealand Herald, Volume LI, Issue 15805, 31 December 1914, Page 7


Auckland Star, Volume XLIV, Issue 208, 1 September 1913, Page 2
Auckland Star, Volume XLIV, Issue 226, 22 September 1913, Page 2
New Zealand Herald, Volume L, Issue 15421, 2 October 1913, Page 5
New Zealand Herald, Volume LI, Issue 15530, 11 February 1914, Page 7
New Zealand Herald, Volume LI, Issue 15583, 15 April 1914, Page 8
New Zealand Herald, Volume LI, Issue 15805, 31 December 1914, Page 7

Friday, October 11, 2013

The former Albertland Co-Operative Dairy Company Building at Te Hana (1934)

I had to go down to the small township of Te Hana a few days ago. While I was there after many missed opportunities I finally managed to get a quick shot of the former Albertland Co-operative Dairy Factory, most of which is still thankfully standing. The part you can see with the two big windows in it, is the original factory building that was opened in November 1934.

This building is just along side of the original factory and is now used as a cafe. I'm happy that at least the local community trust is making full use of the buildings that are still intact. Back in 2005, a fire destroyed the other buildings that were on the north side of the original factory.

 Te Hana Dairy factory, Northland. Whites Aviation Ltd :Photographs. Ref: WA-38543-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. http://natlib.govt.nz/records/23527682

The building had its origins as far back as 1927, when the Port Albert Co-operative Dairy Company were starting to find that the factory they owned at Port Albert, was not adequate enough to handle the ever increasing milk production from their local suppliers. By 1933, it was decided that a new factory needed to be built. The site at Te Hana wasn't chosen until late in 1933, the problem the site faced however, was the issue of a supply of clean water for the factory's needs. During January 1934, several test wells were sunk in an attempt to locate an artesian water supply. When all efforts failed, the project was abandoned and tenders were put out for a pipeline to be laid at a location a further distance away from the factory site.

Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19341205-40-2

 Tenders had been called for during January of 1934 for the construction of the new factory. The Port Albert Co-operative Dairy Company received a total of ten tenders for the building. They settled for the tender of J. R. Haig of Whangarei for £6,000 . By February of the same year, the builders were on site laying down a solid foundation. The building was constructed of concrete and steel. By November the factory was in production. It continued to produce dairy product output until 1987, when finally the factory was closed down for good. Like many others, the factory was a victim of the rapid economic changes that had occurred during the 1980s. After closure as a dairy factory, the buildings were used for a time by a berry juice manufacturer. After years of standing derelict the local community trust took the step to see the buildings put into use once more. Today it houses a number of enterprises and Te Hana once more has come to life.

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Nurse (Matron) Emma Hattaway 1864-1920

                       Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries AWNS-19240619-48-6

Nurse (Matron) Emma Hattaway was born in 1864 to Captain Robert Hattaway and his wife Maria (nee O'Leary). The Historic BDM have her given name as Julia Hattaway. However, it appears she was known as Emma through out her lifetime. Emma was the fourth daughter in a family of 13 children.

 Her father Robert was born at Headcorn, Kent, England in 1826. In 1842 he joined the 59th Regiment of Foot at Chatham, and later was sent to Sydney in 1844, before arriving at the Bay of Islands in 1845. Serving under Major Cyprian Bridge in the campaign to subdue Hone Heke, Hattaway took part in the storming of the pa at Oheawai the resulting in 101 soldiers being killed or wounded. Hattaway was promoted to the rank of Colour-Sergeant after the taking of the Ruapekapeka Pa in 1846. In 1850, Robert retired and became a store keeper at Howick under the Military Settlement Regulations. 1860 saw him again see active duty during the Taranaki Land Wars and Wairoa South. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant serving in the Auckland Regiment, Third Batallion of the New Zealand Militia. He was promoted to the rank of Captain in 1863, and retired again in 1866 to reside in Pakuranga where he took up farming. He had met his wife Maria in Auckland sometime in 1845, and they were possibly married in the same year. Maria had accompanied Robert up to the Bay of Islands during the Maori Wars. They had a total of six sons and eight daughters. Robert died at his residence in Arawa St, Khyber Pass in Auckland on 21 December 1904 aged 78. Maria died at the family residence, Cascade Farm where she had lived for 42 years, aged 74 on 20 July 1904. Robert and Maria were buried in the Anglican Cemetery at Howick.

"The Gallagher Girls" (1918) Image Herman John Schmidt
Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 31-56608

Emma spent her early years from little I have been able to find in Pakuranga. In 1891 she entered training as a nurse working under the Auckland Hospital Board. She passed her first year exam in 1892. Emma successfully graduated as a fully qualified nurse around 1896, and then took charge of the men's typhoid ward. She held the position for three years, when in 1899 she resigned as head of the ward and left the service of Auckland Hospital. Her employers thought highly enough of her dedicated service to the care of her paitients that she was presented with a nurses watch and locked engraved with the inscription --

"Auckland Hospital.—To Nurse Emma Hattaway from past and present hon. and resident physicians and some medical friends. December 31, 1899.”

 She is mentioned again in 1902, as being one of the nurses who cared for returned solders from Boer War at the quarantine hospital on Motuihi Island in the Hauraki Gulf, Auckland. In 1907, Emma sat her midwifery examination and passed it without much effort. By February 1908, she had set herself up in the Waikato township of Te Kuiti as "Nurse Hattaway" where she had obtained a house in Taupiri Street and announced her intention to take in patients after March 12, 1908

Nurse Hattaway, CERTIFICATED AND REGISTERED NURSE, will start a Maternity Home and Hospital in Te Kuiti, near to Railway station, during the course of this month.
Page 2 Advertisements Column 2
King Country Chronicle, Volume II, Issue 71, 28 February 1908, Page 2

Nurse Hattaway started the first hospital in Te Kuiti, by August 1908, she had given her private hospital the name "Whangaruru"

Nurse Hattaway, Certificated & Registered Maternity, Medical & Surgical Nurse, IS prepared to receive patients at the Nursing Home: "Whangaruru," Taupiri-street, Te Kuiti. No Mental or Infectious Cases admitted
Page 2 Advertisements Column 2
King Country Chronicle, Volume II, Issue 95, 14 August 1908, Page 2

In 1909, a new hospital building "Wharenana" was built on a rise over looking Te Kuiti township.

Wharenana Nursing Home.
In every civilised community the care of the sick and wounded is of the first consideration. Commonly the matter of making provision for those who fall victims to disease or accident is undertaken by the public and in the various districts throughout the Dominion, the public hospital is a recognised institution. 
Of recent years, however, the growth of private hospitals and nursing homes in various centres has been very marked though their sphere of action is usually confined to larger towns. At Te Kuiti, the centre for a large district in which progress has been rapid, hospital requirements in a public sense have not been undertaken. Thanks to the enterprise of Nurse Hattaway however, a private nursing home has been in existence for the last two years. Until recently the hospital was carried on in the centre of the town in a building which was suitable for only a limited number of cases. Nurse Hattaway has now had a new building erected specially as nursing home at Te Kuiti. The institution is on the Eastern side of the river, on a knoll which commands a beautiful view of the town. 
Rooms for five patients are provided in the home including a special ward for accident cases. The building contains altogether eleven rooms, and is splendidly fixed up, the sumptuously finished dining room particularly giving an atmosphere of solid comfort to the place. On all sides the aspect is a pleasant one while light, ventilation and warmth most important of medicines have been provided for with every attention to detail. 
The value of such an institution to Te Kuiti can hardly be estimated and the large number of patients already treated by Nurse Hattaway will be greatly increased in the new home. Patients admitted, to the home may be attended to by their own doctor, and in order to have regularity, thoroughly maintained the visiting hours have been fixed between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. each day. Altogether the nursing home fills a very important niche in the scheme of things locally, and Nurse Hattaway is to be heartily congratulated on her enterprise.
King Country Chronicle, Volume IV, Issue 205, 4 November 1909, Page 2

 Hattaway sold the Whangaruru Hospital premises to Dr F.W. Fullterton during late September

Advertisement King Country Chronicle 30 September 1909

Advertising King Country Chronicle, 6 October 1909

Nurse Hattaway continued her practice at "Wharenana"until 1915. During her time there she treated numerous injuries, illnesses and witnessed the birth of children. In 1913 she was part of the committee that formed the Te Kuiti Branch of the St John Ambulance. Ill health in 1915, however forced Hattaway to close down her much loved hospital for good on June 30. The property was sold for use as a private residence.

The Wharenana Nursing Home at Te Kuiti, which was established by Nurse Hattaway some years ago, has been closed and no farther patients will be taken. The institution has been widely patronised by both town and country residents, and the closing of the home severs another link between the earlier days of settlement and the present.
In to-day's issue there appears particulars of the sale by auction of Nurse Hattaway's furniture and effects. The nurse being unfortunately compelled through continued ill-health to take a long rest, and having disposed of her property, has instructed Mr Graham to clear every line without reserve. The sale presents a golden opportunity to buyers to secure good, clean, useful goods at their own price.

King Country Chronicle, Volume IX, Issue 783, 30 June 1915, Page 4

After almost a year's rest, Emma took on the temporary role of Matron of the Tauranga Hospital, as a relief for Nurse Hawkins who was called to France to nurse wounded soldiers on the front. Hattaway furnished her final report as Matron of Tauranga Hospital in January of 1916, before taking up relief Matron duties at either Patea or Mercury Bay.

Matron's Report.
Nurse Hattaway, who recently relinquished the position of Matron to the local hospital, submitted her final report to the local committee of the Hospital and Charitable Aid Board at Its meeting on the 3tb inst. The report, dated February 7th, was as follows
"I have the honour to place before you my final report, dating from January 1st, 1917.
Fourteen admissions, eleven discharges, one death, and at present there are eleven patients in the Hospital. Of these seven infectious cases have been admitted, two diphtheria cases have been discharged, one enteric patient died, and four enteric cases are in undergoing treatment.
The District Nurse has removed her quarters from the Hospital, and a staff probationer, Nurse Stuart, has been obtained and occupies the room lately used by the District Nurse. Owing to pressure of work, Nurse McClymont, a qualified nurse, from Auckland, was obtained and did night duty for a month.
The cook and laundress contracted an illness and owing to the dismissal of the housemaid, for the past month the Nursing Staff have had to undertake the domestic duties in addition to their own worn, making the month a strenuous one. A washer woman has been obtained for the past four weeks. The cow has gone off in her milk and as the supply is not sufficient Mr Spence has instructed that arrangements be made with a dairy to supplement it.
Mr Pemberton has glassed in the end of the women's verandah, but has omitted to paint the frame work. The old men are well, and are making good use of the scythe and saw supplied to them.
As Miss Mason has returned from the Front and again taken over the charge of the Tauranga Hospital my charge here has now terminated. I wish to thank Messrs Robbins and Spence for the help and kindness that I have received from them during my term of Matronship here. To Mr H. H. McCarthy, local secretary, I am much indebted for his ever ready assistance."
Bay Of Plenty Times, Volume XLV, Issue 68211, 19 February 1917, Page 4

During 1918, Emma took care of Influenza victims at Te Kuiti and was thanked by the Te Kuiti Borough Council for her efforts as was her sister-in-law Mereana Hattaway also a qualified nurse in their care of patients.

In February of 1919, Emma headed north to the Kaipara to take up the position of Matron at the Otamatea Cavell Memorial Hospital in Paparoa. After less than 18 months on the job Emma Hattaway fell seriously ill and died from heart failure on 15 July 1915.

In 1924, the community at Paparoa unveiled a memorial tablet made of marble commemorating the much beloved matron of their hospital. It was placed on display in the public entrance of the hospital along with a large portrait. The hospital has long since closed. What happened to the memorial to a dedicated nurse is yet to be discovered. 

Further Reading